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Hydrocotyle verticillata

Whorled marsh penniwort

This creeping plant has flat, circular, bright green leaves and small white flowers.  It's native to many areas in North and South America, including California, and the West Indies.  In the wild, it's typically found growing in soils that are marshy or boggy.


2-4 in


8-12 in


12 in

Hydrocotyle verticillata Characteristics


  • California native
  • Fast-growing
  • Evergreen

Flower color

  • White / Cream / Ivory

Foliage color

  • Green / Blue-green

Growth habit (plant shape)

  • Trailing
  • Prostrate


  • Sunny all day - Coast
  • Light or dappled shade
  • Sunny all day - Inland
  • Morning sun

Season of interest (foliage)

  • Year round

Your soil type

  • Loam
  • Clay
  • Clay-loam

Critter resistance

  • Deer resistant

Suggested uses

  • Container
  • Water feature


  • California
  • Pacific NW (North CA, OR, WA, BC, AK)