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Bee pollinating a purple coneflower.

/ˌek-i-ˈnā-sē-ə, -sh(ē-)ə/

Family: Compositae (composites)

Common: Coneflower

Herbaceous flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae. The nine species it contains are commonly called purple coneflowers. They are endemic to eastern and central North America, where they are found growing in moist to dry prairies and open wooded areas. They have large, showy heads of composite flowers, blooming from early to late summer. The generic name is derived from the Greek word ἐχῖνος (echino), meaning "spiny," due to the spiny central disk. Some species are used in herbal medicines and some are cultivated in gardens for their showy flowers.

Coneflowers are one of our favorites because they are:

  • Low maintenance
  • Loved by butterflies, hummingbirds and beneficial insects
  • Great for cut flowers since they have beautiful color and strong stems

Growing & Maintenance Tips for Echinacea

Tolerant of most growing conditions, but prefers well-drained soil and full sun. Allow for good air circulation to prevent fungal diseases. Rich soil can cause Echinacea to become leggy.

Plants should be deadheaded for continual bloom. Shearing back in the early summer will result in bushier plants that bloom longer into the season. Divide as needed to keep plants in check.


Echinacea Characteristics


  • Fast-growing
  • Long Blooming

Growth habit (plant shape)

  • Upright


  • Sunny all day - Coast

Season of interest (flowering)

  • Summer

Critter resistance

  • Deer resistant
  • Rabbit resistant

Wildlife appeal

  • Attracts birds
  • Attracts hummingbirds
  • Attracts butterflies

Echinacea Available at Gold Rush Nursery