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Click for previous Image Image 1 of 2 Potentilla gracilis var. fastigiata Slender cinquefoil
Slender cinquefoil (Potentilla gracilis var. fastigiata)

Slender cinquefoil (Potentilla gracilis var. fastigiata)

Potentilla gracilis var. fastigiata

Slender cinquefoil

Upright, or slender, cinquefoil is an evergreen perennial that's native to California.  It forms a mound of soft, dark green foliage about 8-12" tall.  Simple sunshine yellow flowers bloom on upright slender stems in late spring - early summer.

The name cinquefoil comes from the French for "five leaves" and refers to the compound leaf which has five deeply divided lobes.

Natural habitat and range
In its naural habitat, slender cinquefoil's typically found in meadows at elevations between 390-3,575 feet (120-1,100 meters).  It has a wide distribution across California including the north west Klamath ranges, northern Outer North Coast Ranges, north-western California, Cascade ranges, high Sierra Nevada, Transverse ranges and Peninsula ranges and into Oregon and Nevada.

For more detailed information on the distribution of slender cinquefoil in the wild, visit calflora.org

Growth habit and flowers
Slender cinquefoil is an evergreen perennial.  The soft, dark green leaves are palmately compound i.e. each leaf consists of five deeply divided leaflets somewhat resembling a hand.

Exposure
In cooler climates, slender cinquefoil will tolerate full sun.  However, it will be happier planted in a spot that only receives morning sun, or is lightly shaded all day.

Soil
Slender cinquefoil is tolerant of many soil types.  It'll be happiest in a freely draining loamy soil.  However, it's tolerant of clay as long as the soil's not permanently waterlogged.

Watering
Slender cinquefoil seems to be quite an adaptable plant in terms of its water needs.  In the wild, it's typically found growing in moist soils, so it certainly won't be unhappy if you plant it in an area where it receives overspray from lawn sprinklers.  We've been growing it in our garden in Soquel (just south of Santa Cruz) since 2006 and have watered it just twice!

On the coast and areas with relatively cool summers, slender cinquefoil should survive with no summer water.  However, it will bloom longer and look better with an occasional deep watering.

In hotter inland areas, slender cinquefoil loses water faster as it's leaves are relatively large and soft.  Therefore, it needs to be watered more frequently than in milder coastal or mountain climates.

Pests and Diseases
We've been growing slender cinquefoil in the garden since 2006 and haven't had any pest and disease problems.

Wildlife
The flowers of slender cinquefoil provide pollen and nectar for native bees.

Suggested uses
Slender cinquefoil is a good container plant for lightly shaded patios and decks.  Good California native container companions might include Juncus textilis, alum root (Heuchera spp.), wild ginger (Asarum caudatum), Tomales Bay fescue (Festuca idahoensis 'Tomales Bay') and modesty (Whipplea modesta).  Alternatively, try the Australian native grass-like dianellas or mat rush (Lomandra spp) for a vertical element in the container.

The long blooming season of slender cinquefoil adds a splash of color to shady planter beds or rock gardens.  It also looks at home along dry creek beds.  Its tolerance of moist soils means it also works well near water features.



Slender cinquefoil Growing and Maintenance Tips

Upright cinquefoil needs very little maintenance.  Just cut off the flower stems at the base when the plant's finished blooming.


Height:

12 in

Spread:

12-15 in

Spacing:

18 in

Potentilla gracilis var. fastigiata Characteristics

Attributes

  • California native
  • Evergreen

Flower color

  • Yellow / Chartreuse

Foliage color

  • Green / Blue-green

Growth habit (plant shape)

  • Mounding

Exposure

  • Sunny all day - Coast
  • Morning sun
  • Light or dappled shade

Season of interest (flowering)

  • Spring

Season of interest (foliage)

  • Winter
  • Summer
  • Fall
  • Spring

Your soil type

  • Clay

Water requirements

  • None - Low
  • None

Critter resistance

  • Deer resistant

Wildlife appeal

  • Attracts bees

Suggested uses

  • Under CA native oaks
  • Rock garden
  • Container
  • Under eucalyptus
  • Firescaping
  • Under pine trees

Origin

  • California

Plants that work well with Potentilla gracilis var. fastigiata

California fescue California fescue (Festuca californica)
Douglas' iris Douglas' iris (Iris douglasiana)
Tomales Bay Idaho fescue Tomales Bay Idaho fescue (Festuca idahoensis 'Tomales Bay')
Fringe cups Fringe cups (Tellima grandiflora)
Coyote mint Coyote mint (Monardella villosa ssp. villosa)
San Bruno Mountain golden aster San Bruno Mountain golden aster (Heterotheca sessiliflora ssp. bolanderi 'San Bruno Mountain')
Canyon delight alum root Canyon delight alum root (Heuchera 'Canyon Delight')
Hearst ceanothus Hearst ceanothus (Ceanothus hearstiorum)
Carmel Sur manzanita Carmel Sur manzanita (Arctostaphylos edmundsii 'Carmel Sur')